Poecilia Reticulata is probably one of the most well known and popular freshwater fish that is alive today in the whole world. The name we are using is its species name but it is more commonly known as the guppy which I think it’s safe to say most people have heard of if they have ever looked into fish keeping of some sort.
The poecilia reticulata fish belongs to the poeciliida family which consist of live-bearing fish which means that they don’t lay eggs like all other fish do, these keep the eggs inside of them and allow them to grow to full maturity and once that stage has been reached they give birth to live young.
It was in 1866 when Poecilia Reticulata were first discovered in Trinidad by a man named Robert Lechmere Guppy which is where the common name first originated from out of honor of discovering this fish. Guppies have been found living natively in a whole host of countries including Barbados, Guyana, Brazil, Tobago and the USA. Although in recent times the guppy has been taken and introduced in to every country on the planet bar Antarctica, majority of this was done my human error or simple mistakes but guppies have also purposely been introduced as a way of dealing with mosquito’s by feeding on the larvae. There have been mixed views on this matter to weather it works or not but many people have said that if you are not feeding the fish yourself the do eat the larvae and control the pests as they would do in the wild.
The guppy is not only well known for being easy fish to keep but they are also known for how well and quickly they can breed. So quick so you can take a new born guppy and she can be at sexual maturity within just 2 short months in a well maintained warm fish tank which is truly amazing for any living being if you think about it.
When it comes to what conditions the Poecilia Reticulata likes to live in its pretty easy and overall a very hardy fish and can deal with some pretty harsh conditions, for instance they have been know to live in salt water 150% more than ordinary seawater.